THE VIOLET MUTATION
Before speaking of the Violet Mutation of the splendid an expatiation of the make up of the blue Mutations may the way to start.
The blue mutation in all the whole parrot family is recessive with the exception of the mutation ‘Violet’. Blue birds are generally beautiful mutations, however not all blue birds are true blue; the blue Indian Ringneck parakeet and the Blue-masked Lovebird are true blue, meaning that when combined with lutino a true albino is possible. Also when paired to a normal bird all the young would be split for just the true blue.
The blue in the Splendid is different. The blue of the splendid is a partial blue. To expand on this partial blue, the Splendid Parakeet comes in three shades of blue but none of these are a true blue and this is evident when paired to a Lutino as these young combination mutations do not produce true Albino. This is also evident when combined with the new Violet (Dominate) mutation. The three shades of blue are Sea Green, Pastel Blue and White-breasted Blue. Only the Sea Green is a single blue so when paired to a normal all the young are split for Sea Green. So if these splits were paired together 25% normal 25% Sea Green 50% split would be the resulting young. But when a White-breasted Blue Splendid is paired to a normal all the young are also split for Sea Green and Pastel. Therefore if these splits were paired together White-breasted, Sea Green, Pastel and normal birds that may be split for one two or three of the blue forms or in fact just normal could be the result.
As with all colour breeding the quality of the colour varies in individual birds some white breasted Splendids although in essence is a true white breasted bird, the white does not cover very much of the chest where as in other birds the white is wide; spreading across to each wing and from throat through to vent, and with the Sea Green and Pastel there is almost a lap over between colours of these two mutations.
When attempting to breed these mutation colours the above fact should be taken into account. Chose birds that are true to the colour, when breeding sea green for instance use birds of good strong colour, yellow bellies and a almost red bib on the cock birds and when breeding pastel chose birds that are cream on the belly and a orange coloured bib and as strong blue on the rest of body as you can find. With the white breasted blue the cock birds need to have a pure white chest that wide and the white extending from the throat to through to the vent. And the hen birds a clear white belly with a straight line dividing the white form the blue. The blue also needs to be of good strong colour.
For some time now it has been recognised that if a white breasted blue bird is bred using birds with the dark factor (Grey green) in there make up; the colour of the blue is intensified, some claiming that these birds are violet and this was the way that the violet mutation came about; but this is not the case. The violet mutation is a primary mutation that can be placed on any colour of the splendid even normal and whatever colour it is placed on; it can be seen. Where as if the violet was via the white breasted and dark factor this would not be the case.
The Violet Mutation we believe was first bred by a man in Germany, as with all dominate mutations breeding is simplified as there are no split birds all are visual, even on the wild colour, the Violet mutation is visible turning the blue areas around the face and wing butts violet. With form of Dominate Violet Mutation It is possible to breed single and double factor in exactly the same way as with the dominate dark factor in Turquoisines where the single factored being called Jade and the double factor Olive, the same goes for Peach Faced Lovebirds, It must not be confused with the dark factor Grey Green as this is only possible in a single form.
The breeding table is simple.
Single Factor Violet, does not matter if cock or hen, paired to any other Splendid 50% of the young, mathematically will be seen to carry the single factor violet mutation. (As said earlier no split birds all are visual)
Single Factor Violet, paired to Single Factor Violet the young birds will be 25% double factor violet and 25% will not carry the violet factor and 50% will be carrying the single factor. Again all visual no matter what other mutant colour the birds show.
Double Factor Violet paired to a Single Factor Violet 50% single factor young and 50% double Factor
Now I have demonstrated just how easy it is to pass on a dominate mutation, it is time to consider what would be the best mutations to combine it with. The obvious answer is the White breasted Blue, as this mutation as explain earlier is the most blue bird we have to date so when combining the two colours a very pretty bird is produced being really violet on the head and wing butts and covers and lifting the blue of the a higher level on the rest of the bird. To date I have only managed to breed one double factor Violet and this is on a white breasted bird and it is a truly stunning colour. All over; a Violet bird. I am sure when it adult moult it will a bird of great beauty.
I will continue this article very soon and add photos if you have any questions please email me.
Colin O’Hara. 17 July 09